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How Do Anti-aging Creams Work?

Your skin can age due to stress, environmental factors, sun exposure, and daily life. Many anti-aging products claim to make you look younger. But do they really work? According to the American Chemical Society, there is no miracle cure for wrinkles.

A closer look at the most popular ingredients will give you a deeper understanding of the true potential or hype surrounding anti-aging creams.


Vitamin A-based, retinoids are anti-aging substances. They were originally used to treat acne in the 1970s. However, scientists have found that retinoids can be used to increase the speed at which superficial skin cells are replaced.

Prescription-strength retinoids are effective for decreasing wrinkles and fine lines, according to Harvard Health Publishing. The increased collagen production is what causes this effect. Because they aren’t as powerful as prescription options, over-the-counter retinoids might not be as effective.

It may slow down collagen breakdown, improve skin elasticity, and lighten sun-related brown marks. Retinoids do not make skin thinner. According to Dr. Patricia Farris of New Orleans, the ingredient actually helps to thicken skin.


These acids can be derived from plants and animals. These products contain the following AHA types:

* Glycolic acid

* Hydroxycaproic acid

* Lactic acid

* Tartaric acid

* Citric acid

* Hydroxycaprylic acid

* Malic acid

According to the Food and Drug Administration, lactic acid and glycolic acids have received the most research and are considered the most promising AHAs. This ingredient is used most frequently for skin exfoliation. AHAs can also be used to reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles on the surface.

Glycolic acid is a specific ingredient that breaks down the bonds that hold dead skin cells together at your skin’s surface. The skin will look healthier and brighter once these cells have been removed. This will make it easier to penetrate moisturizers and other skincare products.

A study was published in Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology. It involved three weeks of testing AHAs on volunteers. Nine out of ten participants experienced significant skin texture improvement.

AHAs can reduce skin discoloration and age spots. These acids can lighten and balance the affected areas to achieve a more even complexion.

AHAs can make your skin more vulnerable to sun-related damage. Use a high-quality sunscreen when you use these products to protect your skin from sunburns and other sun damage.


The topical application of synthetic bioactive Peptides allows them to reach the skin’s cells. A peptide can be described as an amino acid in short-chain form. This ingredient can increase collagen production, which is important for anti-aging.

Collagen, a protein that helps your skin stay firm, smooth and youthful is called a type. Your body produces less collagen as you age.

The efficacy and safety of peptides as anti-aging products is the subject of much debate. Because of their size, they break the 500 Dalton rule. According to experimental dermatology research, the skin must absorb a substance with a molecular mass below 500 Daltons to be able to absorb it.

Signaling may be partially responsible for allowing peptides not to have to penetrate the skin. It mimics the natural peptides in the skin, telling it to think collagen is being lost. The skin then produces more collagen to replace the lost collagen.

A second way that peptides can work is to break them down into smaller peptides. They will not violate the 500 Dalton rule if this happens. These peptides, which are smaller in size, will be able penetrate the skin.


Vitamin C is often referred to as an immune system nutrient, but it is also used in modern wrinkle cream formulations. Vitamin C is believed to improve skin texture, tone, and firmness. It can also help protect skin from environmental hazards.

According to dermatological surgery research, topical application of vitamin C can rejuvenate the skin and slow down the aging process. It improves collagen synthesis and reduces free radical damage. This helps preserve skin’s firmness and plumpness by reducing age-related collagen loss.

Vitamin C can be found in the uppermost two layers of the skin. According to research published by the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vitamin C levels in the skin decrease with age. Excessive exposure to ultraviolet light and pollutants are other factors that can lead to vitamin C deficiency.

The stratum corneum layer can block topical vitamin C absorption. According to Dermatologic Surgery research, a 20% vitamin C solution was sufficient for maximum absorption. The same study found that higher concentrations of vitamin C had lower absorption rates than those below 20 percent.


The body naturally produces coenzyme Q10. It is important for the health of all cells, including skin cells. The enzyme’s levels can decrease with age. This can cause your cells to stop regenerating as well.

According to research published by Molecular Syndromology, this enzyme has powerful antioxidant properties that protect your cells from oxidative damage. This damage can lead to premature aging.

Although coenzymeQ10 can be found in cosmetics and skin care products, most of its benefits are due to the fact that it can also be taken orally. Biofactors published a 12-week study that examined the effects of this supplement on people over 12 weeks. This study found that there was a noticeable reduction in wrinkles and microrelief lines, as well as a marked improvement in skin smoothness.

A second study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science found that the enzyme could help reduce sun damage and signs of aging. Researchers claim that the nutrient may decrease the skin’s melanin content. This could make it useful in reducing sun-related skin discoloration.

Oral administration seems to be the most effective. However, some studies have shown that topical application can also prove beneficial. This enzyme can be applied directly to the skin to reduce the damage caused by external and internal agents. According to Biofactors research, this is because the nutrient promotes antioxidant protection and helps to increase skin cell energy production.


Green tea is known for its immune and metabolism benefits. However, it can also be beneficial for skin health. This tea’s polyphenol content is responsible for many of its anti-aging properties.

Free radicals can damage and age the skin. To minimize the effects of free radicals, antioxidants in this tea extract counter them. This extract contains most of its antioxidants. Epigallocatechin gallate, or EGCG, is one of the most studied and popular catechins.

EGCG has been shown to protect the skin. According to research published in International Journal of Molecular Sciences, this polyphenol can hydrate the skin and help skin cells retain moisture. The same research also showed that EGCG may have anti-pigmentation and help reduce dark spots.

Green tea extract might also be anti-inflammatory. This could help those suffering from sunburns and acne. Additional skin benefits include improved skin hydration, reduced sun-related damage, and increased overall skin health.

Both topical and oral green tea extract have shown skin health benefits. One study focused on topical administration. According to Aging Clinical Research and Experimental Research, the participants in the study experienced an improvement in skin elasticity after 60 days of consistent application.


Niacinamide is also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic Acid. It can improve uneven skin tone, dullness and appearance of enlarged pores, finelines, and weak skin surface.

This nutrient is able to protect the skin from environmental damage and retain moisture. Niacinamide can be applied topically to help stabilize the skin’s top layer. According to research published by the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, niacinamide can help improve moisture retention and content.

This nutrient is also known to smoothen wrinkles and improve skin’s structure. This nutrient could also be helpful for the following skin problems:

* Protecting against sun damage

* Hyperpigmentation can be treated

* Protection against oxidative stress

* Enhancing the lipid barrier

• Reduce the appearance of pores

* Redefinition of blotchiness, blotchiness, and other redness


Resveratrol, which has potential anti-aging properties, is often called the longevity molecule. This is a type plant compound found in grape skin. This compound is more common in red grapes than in white grapes.

The potential effects of the nutrient on skin and cardiovascular health have been studied. According to research published in The Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, one study found that the ingredient increased skin firmness, radiance, and elasticity.

The research on anti-aging is still limited. Most of the claims are based on theories or anecdotal evidence. Some people believe that resveratrol can help to moisturize their skin. However, no study has actually proven this.


One of the most popular ingredients in skincare products is hyaluronic acid. The most popular claims have been supported by extensive research. This ingredient is most commonly used to moisturize the skin.

Hyaluronic acid is naturally produced by the body. It is transparent and has a gooey texture. This substance is found in large quantities on your skin. Its primary function in your skin is to retain water so that your tissues remain moist and adequately lubricated.

This acid can improve the skin’s suppleness. According to research published by the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, supplements containing this ingredient can reduce the natural loss of this acid in your body.

These supplements could be used to maintain hyaluronic acids levels sufficient to reduce the appearance of wrinkles. Research published in Nutrition Journal also shows that oral intakes of 120-240 mgs per day for at least 30 days can significantly reduce skin dryness and increase skin moisture.

Topical application of Hyaluronic Acid has also been studied. According to research published in Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, one study has shown that serums containing this acid can reduce wrinkles. This acid may also be beneficial in redness and healing dermatitis.


Your body uses biotin to make energy. It is essential for your skin. Although it is well-known that it has a positive effect on the skin, its overall effects are still unknown.

Scientists think that dry skin could be caused by a vitamin deficiency. Research published in Seminars in Dermatology suggests that dry skin may become reddish and scaly.

This nutrient is usually taken orally. The effectiveness of topical biotin has not been extensively researched. There are however, skincare products that contain this vitamin in their topical form.

You can see that some anti-aging creams can have benefits while others can cause problems. You should incorporate tried-and-true anti-aging techniques into your routine. Sun protection, moisturizing your face, and quitting smoking are some of the best anti-aging methods. You can then decide if anti-aging creams are right for you. After you have decided to use it, don’t forget to keep it in your skin. As they say, consistency is key. After a few weeks, skincare products generally show signs of effectiveness. Be patient and religious about your skin care routine.

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Bonnie J. Sung

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